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Search Tags: Meeting Mission Goals Through Technology
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is looking for ideas on how to incentivize the creation, and wider distribution of, technologies that address humanitarian needs.
One proposed pilot program would allow patent holders to put any patent on a faster track to approval if they also share technology that address humanitarian purposes. The technologies include treatments for tropical diseases, diagnostic medical tools, methods to grow crops with higher yields or better nutritional value, and treatments for sanitation or clean water. Participants can qualify for the proposed pilot in two ways. One is by making their patented technologies available to impoverished populations for humanitarian use.
Because patents under re-examination are often commercially valuable, the fast-track re-examination allows a patent owner to affirm the validity of their patent more quickly and less expensively.
More information about the proposed fast-track re-examination voucher pilot program can be found in the Federal Register.
Researchers at the Oak Ridge National Lab are focusing on a suite of technologies that will put more electric and hybrid vehicles on the road. The hope is they'll encourage the joint research and development of clean energy technologies by the U.S. and China. The U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center will help accelerate the development and deployment of clean vehicle and clean coal technologies here at home.
The Lab will contribute to advanced systems integration, vehicle electrification, batteries and energy storage, the combustion of biofuels and other technologies.
Government funding for the Clean Energy Research Center totals $25 million, and will be matched by the grantees.
The center aims to have an impact on three of society's grand challenges: climate change, energy security and environmental sustainability
NASA will host two national science competitions that challenge students - six through 12 - to develop and prepare a microgravity experiment.
Both competitions are open to teams across the U.S. and Puerto Rico, and they can be formed from any type of organization or club, such as a science class, a group of friends, or youth group, and each team must have an adult advisor.
A panel of NASA scientists and engineers will evaluate and select the best proposals by December first. The winning teams will design and build experiments that will be conducted in the 2.2 Second Drop Tower at NASA's Glenn Research Center in Cleveland. When an experiment is "dropped" into the 79-foot tower, it experiences weightlessness for 2.2 seconds.
The top four teams get an all-expenses-paid trip to conduct their experiments with NASA personnel.
Long before it hits Congress and reconciliation, your agency's budget has to be figured out. In a special panel discussion, Federal News Radio asks DoD's Mike McCord and former OMBer Karen Evans to explain how the magic happens.
The Department of Energy has entered into an agreement with the Department of Defense to accelerate the development of clean energy technologies while enhancing national energy security. A Memorandum of Understanding between the agencies now covers energy efficiency and renewable energy. It calls for their collaboration on the use of alternative fuels, efficient transportation technologies and fueling infrastructure, grid security, use of the smart grid, energy storage, basic science research, and mobile/deployable power sources. It builds on existing cooperation between the Departments, and will broaden collaboration on clean energy technology research, development, and demonstration. The Defense Department aims to speed up the transfer of innovative energy and conservation technologies from the lab to use in the field. To that end, military installations are used as testing sites before such energy technologies are actually brought to the marketplace.
A new report predicts that more than 22 million additional cataract cases will be avoided for Americans born between 1985 and the year 2100 - due to the reduction and eventual elimination of ozone depleting substances. UV radiation increases the risk for skin cancer, but also increases the risk for cataracts -- that affects more than 20 million Americans age 40 and older. For the first time, the Environmental Protection Agency has been able to include data on cataract risk by gender and skin type. The ozone layer is predicted to recover to pre-1980 levels after the year 2065. In the meantime, under a compromised ozone layer, more UV radiation still reaches the Earth's surface. While treatment for cataracts is widely available in the U.S., the costs are high, with direct medical costs estimated to be $6.8 billion per year.
Using a cutting edge process to form new joints inside the body, a team of researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health has successfully regenerated rabbit joints. The experiment demonstrates that it's possible to grow dissimilar tissues, like cartilage and bone, taken entirely from the host's own cells. The regenerative procedure is performed by stimulating previously irreparable organs or tissues to heal themselves. Three-dimensional structures made of biocompatible and biodegradable materials in the shape of the tissue, are infused with a protein to promote the joint's growth. The approach sidesteps several problems that are typically encountered in trying to transplant cells that are grown externally, such as tissue rejection. Future work could replace arthritic joints in animals and ultimately in arthritis patients who need total joint replacement.
A new public website has been launched by the Department of Energy designed to promote a better understanding of gasification technology - an increasingly popular alternative to converting feedstocks like coal and biomass into useful products such as electricity or fuels. Officials say gasification is anticipated to be the technology of choice for future near zero-emissions, coal-based plants that produce power, fuels, and chemicals. The process uses heat, pressure, and steam to convert ANY carbon-based raw material into synthesized gas, which can then be refined into pure hydrogen, transformed into liquid transportation fuels, or used to create electricity. The website - dubbed Gasifipedia - contains both introductory and in-depth information. You'll find the new Gasifipedia through the department's Energy Lab website at www.netl.doe.gov.
The Department of Energy and Natural Resources Canada will spend a total of $5.2 million dollars to bring a benchmark carbon dioxide injection project to a successful conclusion next year. The two governments will renew funding for the a CO2 Monitoring and Storage project. Under the project, carbon dioxide taken from a Gasification synfuels plant in North Dakota is delivered - via a 200-mile pipeline - to Canadian oil fields where the gas is injected roughly five-thousand feet underground. The gas forces oil into wells where it can be harvested, nearly tripling oil production. The project reduces greenhouse gas emissions while also demonstrating clean energy innovation. A projected total of 40 million tons of CO2 will be stored - and over 200 million additional barrels of oil are expected to be recovered - through the project by the year 2035.
More than 150 technology experts in technology - as well as stakeholders in education from across 26 states - recently took part in an effort to increase access to learning in rural schools across America. They attended the National Rural Education Technology Summit in Washington D.C. Federal leaders offered examples of where technology has been leveraged to overcome distance, such as providing access to college-level course work online. Education Secretary Arne Duncan announced the formation of an Online Learning Registry to provide access to priceless historical materials, like those found at the national Smithsonian Institute. More than half of the nation's school districts are located in rural areas and one-fifth of all public school children (about 10 million) are enrolled in rural schools.