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Congress is responsible for passing annual appropriations to fund government agencies. If Congress neglects to pass funding bills, government agencies are forced to shut down. Follow all of Federal News Radio's government shutdown coverage from the past several years.
DoD works out how military pay bill will impact civilians
Wednesday - 10/2/2013, 5:41am EDT
A one-page bill Congress passed and that the President signed late Monday night provides for continued pay for members of the military during the government shutdown. But the Pentagon is still working through what the legislation means for DoD's 400,000 civilians who now are on furlough — and for the hundreds of thousands of government contractors employed by the military.
While traveling in South Korea Tuesday, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel told reporters that the Pentagon's general counsel was examining the legislation to determine whether DoD can lift at least some of the furloughs that had just begun. After a few hours in the office to perform "shutdown-related activities," DoD placed about 400,000 workers on unpaid leave.
On its face, the bill would appear to provide some relief for civilians. A one-sentence section of the bill gives the Secretary of Defense a vague appropriation, with no dollar figure attached, to pay non-uniformed workers who he determines are providing support to members of the armed forces. The bill includes an identical provision for contractor employees.
A furlough-exempt Pentagon spokesman did not respond to a request for comment on the department's current understanding of the law by Tuesday evening, nor did the office of Rep. Mike Coffman (R-Colo.), the bill's chief sponsor.
But Rep. Buck McKeon (R-Calif.), the chairman of the Armed Services Committee, made his views clear in a letter he drafted to Hagel Tuesday, in which he opined that DoD had wide authority to pay its civilians, even during a shutdown.
"The legislation provides you broad latitude, and I encourage you to use it," McKeon wrote. "It does not limit the provision of pay to civilians who were previously excepted [from furlough]...I strongly encourage you to use the authority Congress has given you to keep national security running, rather than keeping defense civilians at home when they are authorized to work."
Paycheck processing on solid ground
For military members, the next paycheck, due on Oct. 15, should arrive as normal whether the shutdown is resolved by then or not. The Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS), DoD's payroll organization, was unaffected by furloughs since it is funded through user fees paid by the military services and other agencies it serves.
And for now, it has plenty of money in its working capital fund, Tom LaRock, an agency spokesman, said.
"As long as we have a cash balance, we're able to operate as normal," he said. "Obviously, the longer a shutdown carries on, the tougher it would be for us to operate. But it's something we're going to be looking at on a daily basis as we try to make those determinations."
DFAS still is waiting for guidance on how to handle the pay of both furloughed and non-furloughed civilians, LaRock said Tuesday afternoon, and he wasn't able to say whether contractors will see delays in payments owed to them by DoD. Under guidance from the department and from the Office of Management and Budget, vendors can continue working during the shutdown and be paid for that work as long as the projects they're working on were funded with money Congress already has appropriated.
While servicemembers now are assured their next paycheck, military advocacy groups are quick to point out that doesn't mean they're unaffected by the shutdown.
Support services takes a hit
A wide range of support services military members and their families rely on began to see the effects in time zones across the world Tuesday. For example, DoD held back care packages to troops in Afghanistan because of abrupt staffing cuts in the military postal system in Europe, the military newspaper Stars and Stripes reported. And the Pentagon curtailed seemingly-minor creature comforts such as cable TV for servicemembers serving overseas. The Armed Forces Network took all but one of its channels off the air because of furloughs at its broadcast center in Riverside, Calif.
"Of course we're thrilled that servicemembers are going to continue to receive their salaries," Lauren Gray of the Servicewomen's Action Network said. "But there was definitely an air of concern. One that we should even be questioning whether the people who are reporting to work every day are going to be paid by our government. The other is that the legislation that was hastily pushed through doesn't go nearly far enough for our servicemembers and veterans."
The shutdown has resulted in a patchwork of disrupted services that vary from installation to installation. For instance, a family child care management office might be at least partially open on one base because it's managed by a military member. At another installation, a similar office might be closed because its civilian-led workforce has not been exempt from furlough by the local commander.