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Congress is responsible for passing annual appropriations to fund government agencies. If Congress neglects to pass funding bills, government agencies are forced to shut down. Follow all of Federal News Radio's government shutdown coverage from the past several years.
Senate leaders to attempt a compromise as shutdown looms
Monday - 9/26/2011, 5:38am EDT
The Senate late Monday afternoon will take up its version of the continuing resolution that will keep the government open through Nov. 18. Democratic leaders hope the weekend respite will have led to some progress in finding common ground on how to pay for billions in disaster relief aid.
"My suggestion to my friend is that the two Democratic leaders, [Harry] Reid and [Nancy] Pelosi, and the two Republican leaders, [Mitch] McConnell and [John] Boehner, should just cool off for a little bit and work through this," said Sen. Harry Reid (D-Nev.), the majority leader, on Friday after the Senate rejected the House bill.
"There is a compromise here," he said. "The compromise is now before the Senate. Everyone once in while needs a little cooling off period. The government is not shutting down. I spoke to Mr. [Craig] Fugate myself — FEMA is not running out of money. We will come here Monday and more reasonable heads will prevail and I hope over the weekend the four leaders can lead their troops in the right direction."
The House passed its version of the CR early Friday morning. It included $3.7 billion for FEMA's disaster relief fund.
The Senate rejected the bill Friday because of how the House wanted to pay for the additional spending — through an environmental loan program run by the Energy Department to subsidize low-interest loans to help car companies and parts manufacturers retool factories to meet new fuel economy standards.
The upper chamber initially provided $6.9 billion in disaster aid and no cuts to help pay for it as part of an appropriations bill passed last week.
FEMA said its disaster relief fund has less than $200 million and could run out in the coming week. With fiscal 2011 ending Friday, the House doesn't plan to convene next week to take up another version of the bill. Therefore, the Senate could accept the House bill it rejected on Friday. Or legislative leaders could try to negotiate their way past the logjam.
Cuts in 2012 becoming clearer
In the meantime, the Senate continues to work on fiscal 2012 spending bills. And two specific cuts already are getting push back.
Members of the Senate Homeland Security Committee pledged to get money put back into the Government Accountability Office's budget after the Appropriations Committee cut it by 8 percent in the Legislative spending bill.
GAO would receive about $42 million less than it did in 2011and $52 million less than the White House's 2012 request — for a total of $504 million.
"The very tool this committee and all its subcommittees use the most is GAO," said Sen. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.), during a recent committee hearing. "I'm not going to question the appropriations committee move, but it's certainly a wrong-headed move by the committee."
Coburn received a lot of support from fellow lawmakers. Sen. Tom Carper (D-Del.) said jokingly that each of the member's offices should take up a collection for GAO.
Sen. Joseph Lieberman (I-Conn.) said he would try to get the funding put back in on the Senate floor during debate over the bill.
The Senate Appropriations Committee passed the Financial Services and General Government bill and decided to combine the E-Government Fund with the Federal Citizen Services Fund and call it the Information and Engagement for Citizens fund.
Lawmakers decided to allocate the new Information and Engagement for Citizens Fund a total of $39 million.
The President requested $34 million for the E-Government Fund for 2012 and requested another $39 million for the Federal Citizen Services Fund. The new fund is about half of the request for both funds.
Stopping e-government duplication
The Senate Appropriations Committee wrote in the report on the bill that these funds share a common objective — making it easier for citizens to understand and interact with their government. "The purpose of this new office is to provide electronic or other methods of providing access and understanding of federal information, benefits, and services to citizens, businesses, other governments, and the media," the committee wrote.
A committee spokesman said the proposed 2012 funding is only about $2 million less than the 2011 total funding for both programs combined. Congress approved $7.9 million for the E-Government Fund and $34 million for the Federal Citizen Services Fund.
Dave McClure, the associate administrator in the General Services Administration's Office of Citizen Services and Innovative Technologies, told a House committee earlier in the week that the cut in funding will have a negative effect on the projects that the E-Government fund supports such as Data.gov, the IT Dashboard and many others.