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On February 17, 2009, President Barack Obama signed The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, or Recovery Act, into law. Federal News Radio follows how agencies have enacted the law and how the government is tracking spending through Recovery.gov.
Recovery Board's success inspires others
Wednesday - 8/4/2010, 6:47am EDT
By Jason Miller
Federal News Radio
Lawmakers and open government experts have lauded the Recovery, Accountability and Transparency Board for implementing public websites detailing where Recovery Act money is being spent across the nation. Now, it's receiving more acclaim for the impact the RAT Board is having on the government itself.
From stemming the tide of improper payments to changing how agencies make data accessible to new ways to engage citizens, the Recovery Board is bringing change to parts of the government that long have been problematic.
Take the Recovery Operations Center use of data mining tools and analysis software. It is having the biggest impact across government, says Earl Devaney, RAT Board chairman Tuesday during a hearing of the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, Government Information, Federal Services and International Security.
"The fact is the inspector generals community has never had these tools before as a community and now that we do, what we see is certainly the 29 IGs that have Recovery responsibilities are not only receiving information but bringing it to us," he says. "As a result we have interaction we've never had before, "They tell me the material we are giving them is value added to their investigations. It's saving them an awful lot of leg work, it's cost effective for them to use the information so I would say this tool is something this tool will be using in the future."
In fact, the Office of Management and Budget is expanding the use of these software tools to help recover more than $65 billion in improper payments at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid. OMB found CMS makes the most improper payments across the government.
Danny Werfel, OMB controller, says the administration launched the initiative in late June after seeing the potential impact the tools could have to prevent improper payments.
"The tools essentially shines a light on new risk factors for where there might be fraud or prohibit activity taking place," he says. "It created more of a multi dimensional view into the picture we have in front of us for finding problems. When we look at the current suite of information we have in today's world before this tool came along, it lacks certain dimensions and lacks certain information that lets us see risks and red flags. The Recovery Board's tool turns the information and combines it with other things on its axis a little bit and suddenly other things come to light that otherwise would not of."
He adds previously research and analysis would be much more labor-intensive. He believes the tools come at the perfect time because resources are scarce and the potential to do more with less is great.
President Obama in June called on all agencies to reduce their improper payments by 50 percent. Obama also called on agencies to reduce the amount of improper payments by $50 billion by 2013.
Along with the RAT Board tools, Werfel says OMB is spreading best practices to agencies about how to use data mining software.
"The Department of Defense has prevented more than $700 million in improper payments to vendors over the past two year through the deployment of their business activity monitoring tool," he says.
DoD's tool along with the General Services Administration's launch of the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS), Werfel says, is giving agencies more ways to make sure funding is going to the right person or company.
"The integration has begun and GSA has now brought together the data on federal contractors for those who have been suspended or debarred or those who owe an outstanding federal debt that would impact awarding contracts," he says. "That is the first step in bringing together additional databases. We are working with the Social Security Administration right now. We are working with other federal agencies to figure out how to start architecting other databases into the mix."
Werfel says within the next six months the portal, called the Do Not Pay list, will have new data and within a year, the site should be more fully integrated with other databases.
An OMB spokeswoman says the administration didn't send out a specific memo to use the Do Not Pay database, but the Federal Acquisition Regulations Council updated the FAR with a rule, which required agencies to use the new database.
Devaney says one of the biggest impediments to ensuring full transparency of Recovery Act data is the lack of standardization among agencies in how they identify contract and grants awards.