2013 budget request: Agency-by-agency breakdown

Monday - 2/13/2012, 4:14pm EST

When the White House releases the federal budget request each year, it's an opportunity for federal agencies and departments to list their priorities, announce new initiatives and detail the programs — along with the funding levels to support those programs— each will undertake. But this year, in a nod to the climate of budgetary uncertainty and a Congress increasingly looking toward cuts, all of the agency budgets not only detail how they will spend money in fiscal-year 2013, but how they will save money.

Phrases and terms, such as "cutting ... costs," "making tough choices," "streamlining," "efficiencies," litter the official 2013 White House budget released Monday. The Health and Human Services Department, for example, aims to save hundreds of millions of dollars through more robust efforts to cut back on waste, fraud and abuse in the Medicare and Medicaid programs. The Treasury Department has proposed consolidating two departments — the Bureau of Public Debt and the Financial Management Service — into a single agency.

Below, find an agency-by-agency funding breakdown of the official 2013 budget request. (2013 numbers, which are approximate and represent proposed discretionary spending, are compared to the equivalent 2012 spending estimate).

Agriculture Department

2013 request: $23 billion / 2012 estimate: $23.8 billion

  • Includes a $6.1 billion investment in renewable and clean-energy initiatives

  • Aims to "modernize services" by redirecting staff to "areas of greatest need"

Commerce Department

2013 request: $8 billion / 2012 estimate: $7.7 billion

  • Overall departmental reductions will be made to administrative costs and overlapping grant programs

  • National Institute of Standards and Technology: $708 million — a $56 million cut compared to 2012 requested levels

  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: $5.2 billion — a slight increase from the 2012 request

Defense Department

2013 request: $525.4 billion / 2012 estimate: $530.5 billion

  • "Reprioritizes investments" in certain areas, such as unmanned aerial aircraft and tactical vehicles, but will terminate "unnecessary and lower-priority programs," such as the C-27 airlift aircraft.

  • "Sustains and enhances" DoD's cybersecurity operations and funds the department's support for the Homeland Security Department's efforts to protect government networks.

  • Provides 1.7 percent increase in basic military pay in calendar-year 2013.

  • Introduces new TRICARE copays and fees as well as increases to TRICARE Prime enrollment fees.

  • Institutes "modest annual fees" for TRICARE recipients older than 65, when they transition to Medicare coverage.

  • Requests two additional rounds of base realignment and closure (BRAC).

  • DoD plans have statements of budgetary resources for general funds "audit ready" by 2014 — three years ahead of the 2017 deadline

  • Includes $1 billion for energy conservation — More than double what was spent in 2010.

Education Department

2013 request: $69.9 billion / 2012 estimate: $68.1 billion

  • Budget makes "targeted reductions" to some programs, such as the National Assessment of Educational Progress.

Energy Department

2013 request: $27.2 billion / 2012 estimate: $26.3 billion

  • Increases funding for "priority areas," such as clean energy, research and development and advanced manufacturing.

  • Includes $2.3 billion for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) as "part of a broad strategy that emphasizes clean energy and advanced manufacturing."

Environmental Protection Agency

2013 request: $8.3 billion / 2012 estimate: $8.5 billion

  • Achieves savings through ending "outdated, underperforming and overlapping programs." The agency predicts a savings of $50 million in 2013.

  • Makes "targeted reductions" to the Hazardous Substance Superfund Account and reduces the amount provided for state funding.

Health and Human Services Department

2013 request: $69.7 billion / 2012 estimate: $76.2 billion

  • Maintains funding for the National Institutes of Health at $31 billion.

  • Supports implementation of the Affordable Care Act health care law.

  • $610 million in funding to reduce waste, fraud and abuse in the Medicare and Medicaid.

Homeland Security Department

2013 request: $39.5 billion / 2012 estimate: $39.7 billion

  • Citizenship and Immigration Services funding: $143 million

  • U.S. Secret Service funding: $1.6 billion

  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement funding: $5.3 billion

  • Transportation Security Administrationfunding: $5.1 billion

  • National Protectorate and Programs Directorate funding: $1.2 billion

  • U.S. Coast Guard: $8.3 billion

  • Federal Emergency Management Agency funding: $4.5 billion

  • $769 million for cybersecurity operations.

  • Makes $853 million in cuts to "administrative categories," such as travel, overtime and fleet management.

Housing and Urban Development Department

2013 request: $35.3 billion / 2012 estimate: $38.2 billion

  • Includes $2.3 billion investment to help end homelessness among veterans.